Hello Friends, welcome to myblogclick. Today I am sharing with you Antarctica unknown facts.
It is the fifth largest continent of this planet. It is also the home to South Pole. It has several unknown, amazing facts.
This continent is governed by Antarctica Treaty. Following are the members of this treaty.
Papua New Guinea
United States of America
- It is fifth largest continent in terms of area in the world.
- It covers 5.405 million square miles lard area.
- There are no countries in Antarctica. It is governed by the Antarctic Treaty.
- It was signed on 1st December 1959 and officially entered into force on 23rd June 1961.
- The Secretariat headquarter of Antarctica Treaty is located in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
- It is the largest desert in the world.
- It is the world’s southernmost continent.
- It is the coldest, windiest, highest and driest continent in the world.
- It is one and half times the size of the United States of America.
- There are no indigenous populations of people on Antarctica.
- It lies almost entirely within Antarctic Circle, which is at about 66 degrees south latitude.
- It contains geographic South Pole.
- It is surrounded by the Southern Ocean.
- It is nearly double the size of Australia.
- It is almost 1.3 times as large as Europe.
- About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice.
- The average thickness of ice in Antarctica is 6,200 feet.
- The name Antarctica came from the Greek word ‘Antarktikos’ which means ‘opposite to the north’.
- Around 90% of the ice on Earth is found in Antarctica.
- Almost 0.4% of Antarctica is not covered by ice.
- It is losing 159 billion tons of ice per year.
- Four and a half million years ago, it was warm and covered in palm trees.
- It is home to the coldest place on Earth, is called East Antarctica Plateau where temperatures can dip below -133.6 degrees Fahrenheit or -96 degrees Celsius on a clear winter night.
- The lowest temperature ever recorded in Antarctica is -89.2 degrees Celsius or -128.6 degrees Fahrenheit on 21st July 1983.
- The highest temperature ever recorded in Antarctica is 17.5 degrees Celsius or 63.5 degrees Fahrenheit on 24th March 2015.
- -50 degrees Celsius is the average annual temperature in Antarctica.
- It is only continent on Earth that has no time zone.
- Mount Vinson (4,897 meters or 16,066 feet) is the highest peak in Antarctica.
- It is home to 70% of World’s fresh water.
- The Onyx River is the longest river in Antarctica.
- Interestingly, there are no fish in the Onyx River.
- Norwegian explorer Amundsen was the first human to reach the South Pole on 14th December 1911.
- It is the only continent without reptiles.
- Lake Vostok is the largest lake in Antarctica.
- Lake Vostok is about the size of Lake Ontario.
- It has only two ATM.
- Mount Erebus is the world’s southernmost active volcano, is located in Antarctica.
- The Transantarctic Mountains (3,500 kilometers) divided the Antarctica into East and west sections.
- The Mount Kirkpatrick (2,601 meters or 8,533 feet) is the highest pick of the Transantarctic Mountains.
- There are more than 70 lakes in Antarctica.
- We cannot work in Antarctica unless our wisdom teeth and appendix are removed.
- Belgica Antarctica is the largest land animal in Antarctica which is an insect.
- The Dry Valleys is the driest place on Earth, is located in Antarctica. It has seen no rain for almost 2 million years. It makes up 4800 square kilometers area without water, ice or snow.
- Blood Falls is a waterfall in Antarctica that runs red as blood.
- Chile has a civilian town in Antarctica, is called Villa Las Estrellas.
- Husky dogs have been banned in Antarctica since 1994.
- It is home to ice fish which have no red pigment (hemoglobin) in their blood to carry oxygen around.
- During the winter almost 40,000 square miles ice begins to expand per day, which is adding up to an extra 20 million square kilometers of ice around the land mass.
- The Antarctica ice sheet is the largest single mass of ice in the world.
- About 1,150 species of fungi have been recorded from Antarctica.
- 90% of all meteorites even found have come from Antarctica.
- The speed of wind can reach 200 miles per hour or 320 kilometers per hour in some places of Antarctica.
- The hole in the ozone layer over Antarctica is double the size of Europe.
- If its ice sheets melted, the world’s oceans would rise by 60 to 65 meters.
- The world’s largest wind driven current is called circumpolar current which circles clockwise around Antarctica.
- According to Antarctica Treaty, there are seven countries are claiming their territorial claims to parts of Antarctica. These are Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the United Kingdom.
- Argentina claims 965,597 square kilometers area in Antarctica.
- Australia claims 5.8 million square kilometers in Antarctica.
- Ants have not found in Antarctica.
- There are seven churches in Antarctica.
- The West Antarctic Peninsular is the fastest warming place in the word.
- Documentary film ‘March of the Penguins’ was shot in Antarctica.
- There are no polar bears in Antarctica.
- Argentine Emilio Marcos Palma was the first person who born in Antarctica.
- The top level domain for Antarctica is ‘.aq’.
- The ice sheet of Antarctica has been in existence for at least 40 million years.
- There are 12 countries having consultative voting status in Antarctica Treaty. These are Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Chile, France, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, South Africa, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States of America.
- From October to February is the summer season in Antarctica and winter covers the remaining year.
- There are Victoria’s secret models from every continent except Antarctica.
- The first confirmed sighting of the continent was in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshuansen and Mikhail Lazarev.
- There are 53 member of Antarctica Treaty as of 2016.Please see the above member list.
- Coastal area of Antarctica is the coldest place on earth.
- Americans and Australians are most visited people to Antarctica.
- It is home to the strongest winds in the world. It is called Katabatic winds can blow at speeds up to 320 kilometers or 200 miles per hour.
- International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO) is an organization which is promoting the tourism to Antarctica.
- The surface which is not covered in ice is called an ‘Antarctic Oasis’.
- According to International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO)’s report 2016, there are 38,478 people visited Antarctica in 2016.
- The snow free valley in Antarctica is called the McMurdo Dry Valleys.
- The Antarctic ice cap contains 26.5 million cubic kilometers of ice.
- The Rose ice shelf (almost 487,000 square kilometers) which is the size of France.
- Iceberg B-15 was the world’s largest ever measured which was bigger than Jamaica. It was 11,000 square kilometers or 4,200 square miles. It was broken in 2000.
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